These days the Web is no doubt the best place to look.
I get many of my cards from ebay, and below you will find some of the sellers I buy from:
Where do you buy UNUSUAL Playing Cards?
anro1626
bluemalchut

PJ Madsen's Playing Card Museum

17pajpjb
sereby
jopo!
Sadly R. Somerville has now ceased trading from his website, but it is still a good source of information and a great place to see other card images.
R Somerville Playing Cards
In Europe general places to look would be Department Stores, Bookshops and Toyshops.
Often Castles, Palaces and Museums stock unusual cards in their gift shops.
For out of print cards, look at these sellers. Most have a good selection and run a friendly service:
H.G. Images
Wolfgang Kunze
Games et al
Shops:
InterCol London,
43 Templars Cresent
London
N3 3QR.

www.intercol.co.uk

This is a great place to peruse the catalogues before buying.